Guatemalan Ex- Minister Vielman Must Face Trial for Extrajudicial Executions*
By Amnesty International
Guatemala’s Ex- Minister of the Interior Carlos Vielman was captured in Spain two days ago. He is accused together with other high ranking officials of Ex-President Oscar Berger’s government of the extrajudicial executions of prisoners and other crimes. Today a complete paid advertisement page in Guatemala’s leading newspaper Prensa Libre appeared where Vielman protests his innocence, that he had never been a fugitive of justice, that he voluntarily gave himself up to the Spanish police, that the accusations against him are political persecution, violating his rights, that he and several other ex-officials of Berger’s government recovered the prisons of Guatemala. He also writes that he will clear his good name because he has never committed an illicit act, ever.
He has been, in the past, the representative of Guatemala’s private sector association, CACIF.
Prosecution in Fair Trials
Amnesty International said that former high-ranking Guatemalan officials accused of involvement in the extrajudicial executions of prisoners should face prosecution in fair trials, after the arrest of former Interior Minister Carlos Vielman in Spain on Wednesday. Vielman along with former National Director of Police Erwin Sperisen, who is currently resident in Switzerland, and other former officials are being investigated over the killings of prisoners held at two prisons in Guatemala in 2005 and 2006.
Sebastian Elgueta, Researcher on Central America at Amnesty International, said: “These former officials must be returned to Guatemala to face justice or should be brought to trial in their countries of residence, in line with international human rights norms. “
Carlos Vielman, Erwin Sperisen and others are accused of involvement in the extrajudicial executions of inmates who escaped from El Infiernito prison in October 2005, as well as the extrajudicial executions of prisoners in the El Pavón prison in September 2006 and other crimes. Seven inmates were killed during Operación Pavo Real (Operation Peacock), which was undertaken to regain control of El Pavón prison.
The Interior Ministry and the police said at the time that the prisoners had been killed during confrontations with the prison authorities. However, a report by the Guatemalan Human Rights Ombudsman’s Office in December 2006 described the deaths as extrajudicial executions.
Sebastian Elgueta said: “It is now time for those states where these individuals are resident to prove their commitment to international human rights standards. Unless such crimes are punished, impunity will prevail in Guatemala.”
More than two decades ago in 1989, the UN General Assembly welcomed the adoption of the Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions, which provide that states must ensure that persons suspected of extrajudicial executions must either be tried or extradited.
The charges against these, and 17 other individuals, some of whom are already in custody, were brought by the Guatemalan Attorney General’s Office, supported by the UN-sponsored International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG). Since its creation in 2007, as a result of an agreement between the government of Guatemala and the UN, CICIG has worked with the Attorney General’s Office on a number of high profile cases.
Amnesty International takes no position on whether the suspects are responsible for these crimes and they are entitled to the presumption of innocence until and unless they have been proved guilty beyond reasonable doubt.