9. Spaces of everyday resistance: the right to the city

Abstract

Latin America has witnessed unprecedented levels of urbanization over the past few decades, which has produced informal processes and urban conflicts.

Urban spaces are more than just physical infrastructure: they are the site of class struggles, collective initiatives, and confrontations, in which citizens demand access to public services, urban resources, and dignified living from the sources of political and economic power.

Index

News related to this chapter

São Paulo: the streets under ‘social isolation’

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(main image, above) Thursday 26 March, 1:54 pm. A homeless person lies in the entrance to one of the many banks on Rua Boa Vista, famous for the financial institutions which congregated there at the highpoint of São Paulo’s historic centre, in the early 20th century. This essay was written by Fraya Frehse. The photographs are by Tiago Queiroz. All images © Tiago Queiroz With its roughly 12.5 million inhabitants (22 million...

Brazil: local activists fill the information vacuum on Covid-19

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This article was researched and written by José Cícero da Silva for Agência Pública, LAB’s São Paulo partner Translated for LAB by Tom Gatehouse. You can read the original (in Portuguese) here. 1 April 2020: We talked to five communications activists on the frontline of the fight against the pandemic in peripheries and favelas in five of Brazil’s state capitals The first case of coronavirus in one of Brazil’s favelas was confirmed by Rio de Janeiro’s health ministry...

Marabá, Brazil – sowing the seeds of Bem Viver

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Militias advance on Rio environmental reserve

By Mariana Simões, Agência Pública Agência Pública is a LAB partner, and provided this article for publication in English by LAB. Translated by Julia May, Wide Avenues . You can read the original version in Portuguese here. ‘Do you think I'm not scared? I am. They know who I am. Now, it’s not just me who's afraid,’ says the teacher Marlucia Santos de Souza, bending over the desk to get closer to the voice recorder, as if afraid of being overheard. No one...

Colombia: stairway storytellers in Medellín

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Videos

Bolsonaro won’t help us with coronavirus

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Excellent video from The Guardian showing Brazil's favela-dwellers working hard to implement lock-downs and to supply food and essentials to their communities,...

Cholet – the Work of Freddy Mamani, who built Salas de...

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Documentary film, one hour long, showing the  Salas de Eventos - over 60 in number - that have been designed and built...

Residents denounce crime against the environment

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The Spring versus the Buildings

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Residents of Pompeia rescue their square

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About the Author

Antonia Burchard-Levine specializes in urban transportation and mobililty, urban land development, housing and livelihoods, and infrastructure financing.

She is particularly interested in urban social movements, issues of access to the city and its resources, and the range of processes that shape cities and their inhabitants. Antonia is currently based in Berlin and consults on international development projects as an urban development specialist.

Interviewees

Jorge Cáñez, aka Peatónito (urban mobility and road safety activist): interviewed via Jitsi Meet on 23 February 2018 by Tom Gatehouse. Translated by Hebe Powell.

Andrés Chaves (urbanist and film-maker): interviewed via Skype on 11 January 2018 by Antonia Burchard-Levine. Translated by Antonia Burchard-Levine.

Luciana Cury (Coletivo Ocupe e Abrace): interviewed via Skype on 12 February 2018 by Antonia Burchard-Levine. Transcribed by Tom Gatehouse.

Marcello Deodoro (Tijuca Indiana Residents’ Commission): interviewed via email on 18 December 2017 by Jennifer Chisholm. Translated by Chris Whitehouse.

Luiz Gonzaga da Silva, aka Gegê (MMC): interviewed in São Paulo on 21 December 2016 and 28 January 2017 by Ali Rocha. Translated by Hugo Moss.

Salvador Medina (urban economist and activist): interviewed via Skype on 8 February 2018 by Antonia Burchard-Levine. Translated by Antonia Burchard-Levine.

Johans Rodriguez (1st Brigade of Polvorines): interviewed in Piura, Peru, in late January 2016 by Kary Stewart. Translated by Kary Stewart.

Emília Maria de Souza (Horto Residents’ Association): interviewed in Rio de Janeiro on 29 January 2018 by Jennifer Chisholm. Translated by Theo Bradford.

Kurt Steffens (Ciudad Emergente): interviewed via WhatsApp on 20 March 2018 by Antonia Burchard-Levine. Translated by Antonia Burchard-Levine.

References

NB: All web references were checked and still available in May/June 2018 unless otherwise stated.

Bauwens, M. (2018) ‘People in defence of life and territory: counter-power and self-defence in Latin America’, P2P Foundation

Boyer, H. (2005) ‘Urban land and housing challenges in Brazil’, Lincoln Institute of Land Policy

Carvalho, S. (2017) ‘As 9 cidades brasileiras com o pior trânsito’, Circuito D

Gatehouse, T. (2016) ‘Brazil’s Olympic flames’, Red Pepper

Gehl, J. (2010) Cities for People, Island Press, Washington DC. Green, D. and Branford, S. (2013) Faces of Latin America, 4th edn, Latin America Bureau (LAB), London.

Harvey, D. (2012) Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution, Verso, London and New York, NY.

Jacobs, J. (1961) The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Vintage Books, New York, NY.

Jaitman, L. (2015) ‘Urban infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean: public policy priorities’, Latin American Economic Review 24: 13

Johnson, S. (2014) ‘Rio’s BRT system: a tool for legacy or fragmentation?’, RioOnWatch

Lefebvre, H. (2014) The Production of Space, 18th edn, Blackwell, Oxford.

Marsh, S. (2013) ‘Antanas Mockus: Colombians fear ridicule more than being fined’, The Guardian, 28 October

McGuirk, J. (2014) Radical Cities: Across Latin America in Search of a New Architecture, Verso, London and New York, NY.

Merrifeld, A. (2017) ‘Fifty years on: the right to the city’, in A. Merrifeld, The Right to the City: A Verso Report, Verso, London and New York, NY.

Pacheco, P. (2016) ‘Brazil: My House, My Life’, World Policy

Tactical Urbanism (no date) ‘What is Tactical Urbanism?

Further reading

Gegê/São Paulo/the MMC

Colombia/Andrés Chaves/El Cartucho

Brazil/Rio/urban regeneration/gentrification

Peatónito/Mexico City/road safety/transport

Tactical urbanism

Ciudad Emergente

Coletivo Ocupe e Abrace/Praça da Nascente

Peru/Piura/Los Polvorines